Directions – Hydrofloria



  1. Hydrofloria tank 2.1 gallon (20x20x20cm)
  2. Plant Baskets with Growing Medium (3 plant growing baskets)
  3. Seeds (3 herb seed packets)
  4. Garden lid (plant basket holder)
  5. Dechlorinator (Water conditioner makes water safe)
  6. Beneficial Bacteria (Converts fish waste into plant food)
  7. Fertilizer Supplement (Adds nutrients not produced by fish)
  8. Stabilizing Substrate (Balances and buffers ecosystem)
  9. Fish Food (Formulated for betta fish and tropical species)
  10. Cleaning Sponge
  11. Protective Mat (sits under tank)



1) Place tank on top of Protective Mat in lighted area or near window.

         Use protective mat underneath tank to protect furniture and provide a stable base for the tank. Choose placement carefully before filling the tank with water, placing the tank near a window or in a well-lighted area will increase plant growth.

2) Spread Stabilizing Substrate across the base of the tank.

         The substrate acts as a buffer, helping to stabilize water chemistry over time resulting in a more consistent PH which helps fish and plants to be healthy. The substrate provides more surface area for beneficial bacteria to colonize where fish waste is turned into plant food.

3) Place Plant Baskets into holes in Garden lid.

         The Growing Medium provides a semi-solid structure that mimics the texture of natural soil and provides a place where roots have access to water and simultaneously allows roots to grow and absorb nutrients. Over time the roots will grow in the medium and eventually reach through the sides of the plant baskets into the water in the tank.

4) Fill tank with water and add 20 drops Dechlor Conditioner (Dose for 2 gallons).

         Slowly fill the tank with room temperature water until it fills about half an inch from the top or desired level. The Substrate may be pushed out of place when the water is poured in, if so spread the substrate evenly across the bottom of the tank again. Any initial dustiness or clouding after filling the tank with water is normal and will settle and clear within 6-12 hours.
-Add the Dechlor Conditioner to the water in the tank.
         (The science behind the dosage)
Chlorine, Chloramines and other heavy metals typically found in tap water can harm the ecosystem in the tank hurting plants and fish. The Dechlorinator contains the chemical Sodium Thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) which bonds with and neutralizes harmful heavy metals in the water.
It’s important to add the conditioner into the water anytime the tank is being filled, for example after cleaning or when replacing water lost to evaporation.

5) Add Beneficial Bacteria (Dose for 2 gallons).

-Add 30 drops initially
-Add 20 drops weekly to keep water clear.
         Dosage: follow the instructions on the bottle. The total tank size is 2.1 gallons. The recommended dosage is for 2 gallons because the tank should not be filled to the top.
         (The science behind the dosage)
The Beneficial Bacteria establish a stable ecosystem essential for fish and plant health. The bacteria feed on the waste produced by fish and in turn excrete nutrients that plants use for food; this is known as the Bacteria Cycle. The bacteria will colonize on surfaces in the tank.

6) Place Seeds on top of the Growing Medium.

         Spread seeds evenly or place in center of Growing Medium as desired. After a few days the moisture wicked by the Growing Medium will allow the seeds to germinate. The growing medium provides a PH balanced environment helpful in seed germination and sprouting. It’s not necessary to cover the seeds; they will have enough moisture to germinate on top of the medium

7) Fertilizing plants with supplemental nutrients.

-After 1 week dose 20 drops Fertilizer Supplement
         After the plants have begun to grow, usually within 1 week after sprouting it becomes necessary to provide plants with nutrients that are not produced in ample quantities by the fish waste and Bacteria Cycle alone. At this point use the Plant Fertilizer solution, follow instructions on label Dose for 2 gallons
         (The science behind the dosage)
Nutrients such as: B, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Zn (Boron, Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, and Zinc) are known as Micronutrients. These trace elements are essential for plant growth and may not be provided by the fish waste and Bacteria Cycle alone.
         Macronutrients, Nitrates, Sulfates, and Phosphates, (KNO3, K2SO4, and KH2PO4) are also essential for plant growth. Generally fish waste and the Bacteria Cycle will provide an excess of Nitrates and Phosphates.
         Since a proper balance of nutrients is needed for healthy plant growth supplementing with a fertilizer balanced with extra Potassium and Micronutrients is beneficial.

8) Fish feeding.

         It’s important not to over feed your fish. This may result in cloudy water and a dirty tank. Only feed as much as the fish can eat within 5 minutes. With betta fish it’s OK to skip feeding 1 or 2 days per week. For other species such as African clawed dwarf frog, shrimp, guppies, snails, and killifish more frequent feeding and special care may be needed
         (The science behind the dosage)
Overfeeding can lead to a less balanced water column where certain nutrients are in excess, not being used by the plants, those excess nutrients may be absorbed by algae instead. Algae require a different balance of nutrients than the plants do so having an excess of certain nutrients can lead to algae growth instead of desired plant growth.

9) Cleaning the tank and water changing.

         Depending on where the tank is located, as a result of; direct sunlight, overfeeding, or imbalanced nutrients, at times a film of brown bacteria or algae may form on the surfaces of the tank and water may cloud and appear dirty. It’s recommended that the inside of the tank be wiped with the cleaning sponge. Note, this sponge is designed to clean the tank without scratching it using other sponges or materials can result in scratching the tank.
         After wiping down the insides of the tank with the sponge remove 30% to 50% of the water in the tank using a cup or siphon tube and replace with new water. This is called a water change; remember to use Dechlorinator when adding new water into the ecosystem.
         Frequent water changing can solve almost any imbalance in the water column and keeps the tank clean and healthy. Water changes should be performed every 3-4 weeks. If the water appears cloudy or dirty water changes can be performed every few days or daily until the tank is clear again. It’s important not to change more than 50% of the water per day.